Research and Publications 

Research conducted with several populations highlights I-System Interventions’ transdiagnostic efficacy. In studies of veterans, MBB® showed significant improvements by reducing sleep disturbance, symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, fatigue, pain, and composite sleep/general co-occurring symptoms, while increasing mindfulness. Furthermore, MBB® has shown to be an effective intervention for the management of insomnia in active-duty military personnel. 

A study of cancer survivors showed that MBB® reduced sleep disturbance symptoms as well as symptoms of depression, and improved overall levels of mindfulness, self-compassion and well-being. It attenuated waking salivary α-amylases levels, suggesting positive influences on sympathetic activity in cancer survivors with sleep disturbance, and an increase in oxytocin and in the neuropeptide hormone associated with affiliation, calmness, and well-being in these patients. 

A study of individuals suffering from addiction indicated that MBB® significantly reduced drug and alcohol cravings, trauma-related thinking, and disturbed sleep. MBB® also significantly increased mindfulness, self-compassion, and well-being in these individuals. Research with domestic violence offenders indicated that MBB® reduced recidivism and increased treatment compliance. A project conducted with minority communities suggests that MBB® could be an effective tool for achieving improved health among racial and ethnic minority populations.

In a recent publication, Shaun Ho and Yoshi Nakamura present a theoretical and neuroscientific foundation for the I-System Model’s transdiagnostic efficacy. They propose that I-System Interventions like MBB® provide an effective strategy because they address a central problem, such as unrealistic identity-grasping consisting of self-centered embodied expectations, both of self and of others (caused by the I-System), that impairs mind and body well-being.

MBB® has been certified as an evidence-based intervention by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Mind-Body Bridging® Substance Abuse Program and the Mind-Body Bridging®  Sleep Program have been listed on the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP).


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Cover of Social Unrest by Stanley H. Block, MD Carolyn Bryant Block with Derrik Tollefson, PhD & Guy du Plessis, MA

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All who donate $20 or more to the I-System Institute for Transdisciplinary Studies will receive a complimentary copy of the Institute's new book, Social Unrest: Resolving the Dichotomies of Me/You and Us/Them by Stanley H. Block, MD and Carolyn Bryant Block, with Derrik Tollefson, PhD & Guy du Plessis, MA.

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Journal Publications

Audo, Elisa (2012). The experience of mind-body bridging as a treatment for domestic violence offenders. California Institute of Integral Studies, 2012, Dissertation Abstracts International 287; 3508060. 


Gren, L. H., Jaggi, R., Landward, R., Benson, L. S., & Frost, C. J. (2016). A Community Health Coach–Delivered Mental Wellness Intervention Using Mind–Body Bridging to Reduce Health Disparities in Diverse Communities. Pedagogy in Health Promotion, 2373379916666299.


Ho, S.S. and Nakamura, Y. (2017) Healing Dysfunctional Identity: Bridging Mind-Body Intervention to Brain Systems. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 7, 137-164.


Lipschitz DL, Kuhn R, Kinney AY, Donaldson GW, Nakamura Y. (2013). Reduction in Salivary α-amylase Levels following a Mind-Body Intervention in Cancer Survivors - an Exploratory Study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 38(9),1521-31.


Lipschitz, D.L., Kuhn, R., Kinney, A.Y., Grewen, K., Donaldson, G.W., and Nakamura, Y. (2015). An Exploratory Study of the Effects of Mind-Body Interventions Targeting Sleep on Salivary Oxytocin Levels in Cancer Survivors. Integrated Cancer Therapies, 14(4), 366-80.


Lipschitz D.L., Landward R., Nakamura Y. (2014)  An exploratory study of an online mind-body program for poor sleepers in a community sample. European Journal of Integrative Medicine,  6  (1) , pp. 48-55.


Lipschitz, D. L., Olin, J. A., Yoshio Nakamura, Y., (2016) A randomized controlled pilot study of a mind-body intervention compared with treatment as usual in the management of insomnia among active duty military personnel. European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 8, (5), 769-780


Nakamura, Y., Lipschitz, D. L., Donaldson, G. W., Kida, Y., Williams, S. L., Landward, R., ... Tuteja, A. K. (2017). Investigating Clinical Benefits of a Novel Sleep-Focused Mind-Body Program on Gulf War Illness Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Psychosomatic Medicine, 79(6), 706-718.


Nakamura, Y., Lipschitz, D. L., Kanarowski, E., McCormick, T., Sutherland, D., & Melow-Murchie, M. (2015). Investigating impacts of incorporating an adjuvant mind-body intervention method into treatment as usual at a community- based substance abuse treatment facility: A pilot randomized controlled study. SAGE Open, 5(1).


Nakamura Y., Lipschitz D. L., Kuhn R., Kinney A. Y., Donaldson G. W. (2013). Investigating efficacy of two brief mind-body intervention programs for managing sleep disturbance in cancer survivors: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 7, 165-182.


Nakamura Y., Lipschitz D. L., Landward R., Kuhn R., West, G. (2011). Two sessions of sleep-focused mind-body bridging improve self-reported symptoms of sleep and PTSD in veterans: A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70, 335-345.


Tollefson, D. R., & Phillips, I. (2015). A Mind-Body Bridging Treatment Program for Domestic Violence Offenders: Program Overview and Evaluation Results. Journal of Family Violence, 30 (6), 783-794


Tollefson, D. R., Webb, K., Shumway, D., Block, H., and Nakamura, Y. (2009). A Mind-Body Approach to Domestic Violence Perpetrator Treatment: Program Overview and Preliminary Outcomes. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, 18 (1), 17-45.


Academic book publications that reference MBB research and MBB programs


Vernon, A. & Doyle (2018). Cognitive behavior therapies: A guidebook for practitioners. Alexandria, VA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Froerer, A., Von Cziffra-Bergs, J., Kim, J. & Connie, E. (Eds.). (2018). Solution-focused brief therapy with clients managing trauma. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


Lavretsky, H., Sajatovic, M. & Reynolds, C. (Eds.). (2016). Complementary and integrative therapies for mental health and aging. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


Babson, K. & Feldner, M. (Eds.). (2015). Sleep and affect: Assessment, theory, and clinical implications. London: Academic Press, Elsevier, Inc.


One, J. (Ed). (2019). Cognitive-behavioral therapies for insomnia: An issue of Sleep Medicine Clinics. London: Elsevier, Inc.


Trade books that reference MBB research and MBB programs


Harris, J. S. (2019). Zen beyond Mindfulness: Using Buddhist and Modern Psychology for Transformational Practice. Boston, MA: Shambhala Publications Inc.


Murphy, Christopher M. et al. (2019). Handbook of Interpersonal Violence Across the Lifespan