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Make the most of uncertain times by creating memories with kids, says Social Work professor

Make the most of uncertain times by creating memories with kids, says Social Work professor

04/10/2020

Vonda Jump Norman, an assistant professor of Social Work at USU's Brigham City campus, says uncertain and tense times of spring 2020 can be considered times to make memories for kids.

John Morris Scholarship Fundraiser

John Morris Scholarship Fundraiser

07/20/2021

Since 1992, the John W. Morris Endowment has supported journalism students through scholarships and lecture series. Utah Public Radio (UPR) is hosting a fundraiser from July 26 through Aug. 6, 2021, to raise money for the new John W. Morris Scholarship. T...

Jen Peeples - Head of the Department of Communication Studies & Philosophy

Jen Peeples - Head of the Department of Communication Studies & Philosophy

07/07/2021

Utah State University’s Department of Languages, Philosophy, and Communication is being split into two separate departments. Jennifer Peeples is taking the position of head of the Department of Communication Studies and Philosophy.

Christopher González - Associate Dean of Graduate Studies

Christopher González - Associate Dean of Graduate Studies

07/05/2021

Christopher González, full professor in Utah State University’s English literature program, is taking the position of associate dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at USU.

Ravi Gupta - New Head of the History Department

Ravi Gupta - New Head of the History Department

07/01/2021

Ravi Gupta has taken over as department head of the Department of History in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Utah State University. Gupta has been at USU since 2013 and has served as the director of the religious studies program at USU. H...

David Richter Heads the Department of World Languages and Cultures

David Richter Heads the Department of World Languages and Cultures

07/01/2021

Utah State University’s Department of Languages, Philosophy, and Communications Studies is being split into two separate departments. David Richter is taking on the department head position for the new Department of World Languages and Cultures.

Jess Lucero and the New Department of Social Work

Jess Lucero and the New Department of Social Work

07/01/2021

Jess Lucero, associate professor in the College of Humanities and Social Science’s social work program, is taking the position of department head of the Department of Social Work.

Judson Finley and the Department of Sociology & Anthropology

Judson Finley and the Department of Sociology & Anthropology

07/01/2021

Utah State University’s Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Anthropology is being split into two separate departments with Judson Finley taking the place of department head for the new Department of Sociology and Anthropology.

New CHaSS Departments

New CHaSS Departments

07/01/2021

USU’s College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHaSS) now offers eight academic departments. Four new departments became available July 1, 2021, and include the Department of Social Work, the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, the Department of W...

Molly Cannon - New Director of the Mountain West Center

Molly Cannon - New Director of the Mountain West Center

07/01/2021

Molly Cannon has taken the place of director of the Mountain West Center, serving jointly as the director of the Museum of Anthropology. She has been at USU since 2010 and has previously worked on Mountain West Center projects.

The future of the Political Science Department

The future of the Political Science Department

07/01/2021

The College of Humanities and Social Sciences political science program is gearing up to get things back to normal this fall. While there are still online and Zoom classes being offered, the number of in-person classes offered is being increased. The prog...

Susan Polster - New Head of the Journalism & Communication Department

Susan Polster - New Head of the Journalism & Communication Department

07/01/2021

Susan Polster has taken over as head of the Department of Journalism in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. Polster earned her master’s degree from Utah State University and her Ph.D. from the University of Wyoming. She teaches classes in mass ...

Phebe Jensen - Head of USU's English Department

Phebe Jensen - Head of USU's English Department

07/01/2021

Phebe Jensen will become the permanent department head of the Utah State University Department of English on July 1. Jensen, an early modernist who has published books and articles on Shakespeare, the English Reformation and early modern science and medic...

Rebecca Walton - New Associate Dean

Rebecca Walton - New Associate Dean

07/01/2021

Rebecca Walton, associate professor in Utah State University’s technical communication and rhetoric program, is taking the position of associate dean of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences. Walton has been at USU since 2011 and teaches classes i...

Technical Communications Behind Hormone Therapy

Technical Communications Behind Hormone Therapy

06/30/2021

Avery Edenfield, USU assistant professor of technical communication and rhetoric in the Department of English, recently received an award for his research paper Queering Tactical Technical Communication: DIY HRT.

Understanding Barriers To Health Care

Understanding Barriers To Health Care

06/30/2021

Avery Edenfield, an assistant professor of technical communications and Jared-Jamal Alexander, a USU CHaSS grad student, published a research paper which explores barriers to health care for individuals who are both African American and transgender.

Considering Health Disparities Amongst LGBTQ+ Individuals

Considering Health Disparities Amongst LGBTQ+ Individuals

06/17/2021

Guadalupe Marquez-Velarde, professor of sociology at Utah State, researches issues in intersectional population health and how structural systems of inequality affect the health outcomes of diverse social groups. During her time at Utah State, Marquez-Vel...

Sparking the Conversation About Conversion

Sparking the Conversation About Conversion

06/10/2021

USU history professor Chris Babits’ forthcoming book, To Cure a Sinful Nation: A history of Conversion Therapy in the U.S., will explore the history and research behind conversion therapy in the LGBTQ+ community. The book is set to be published at the beg...

Classic Book Club

Classic Book Club

06/09/2021

Mark Damen, a professor of history at USU, is hosting a book club in June to discuss The Swerve, a Pulitzer Prize winning book by Stephen Greenblatt. The Sweve examines the of philosophical poetry of Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius as found in his bo...

Understanding Love in the Swenson Way

Understanding Love in the Swenson Way

06/07/2021

Tegan Durfee, senior at USU majoring in English Literature, completed an undergrad research project analyzing the work of May Swenson as a pioneer LGBTQ+ artist. Through her research, Durfee found that Swenson used ambiguous pronouns to describe love in e...

New Intersectional Gender Studies and Research Programs

New Intersectional Gender Studies and Research Programs

06/03/2021

Intersections will offer a minors in Intersectional Gender Studies and Sexuality Studies as well as a certificate of study in Inclusive Leadership. All three programs feature 18 credit hours of coursework in addition to events, workshops, lectures, and co...

Where Individual and Religious Beliefs Differ

Where Individual and Religious Beliefs Differ

06/01/2021

This spring, Palfreyman conducted an undergrad research project analyzing the dissonance that USU undergrad students feel between their religious values and their personal beliefs about queer sexual identities.

Sociology Professor Granted Highly Acclaimed Fellowship

Sociology Professor Granted Highly Acclaimed Fellowship

05/22/2021

Dr. Guadalupe Marquez-Velarde, assistant professor of sociology at Utah State University, has recently been named a Career Enhancement Fellow by the Institute for Citizens and Scholars. The institute will provide Marquez-Velarde with a work stipend that w...

Social Work and Criminal Justice Interdisciplinary Degree

Social Work and Criminal Justice Interdisciplinary Degree

05/21/2021

CHaSS to emphasize mental health in law enforcement with new program. Recent demand for law enforcement officials who understand mental health has led USU administrators to create an interdisciplinary program that combines social work and criminal justice...

“The Negro Speaks of Rivers” Turns 100

“The Negro Speaks of Rivers” Turns 100

05/14/2021

USU English Professor Edits Two Issues of Langston Hughes Review I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the world and older than the flow of human blood in human veins.

Mentoring international students for future success

Mentoring international students for future success

04/29/2021

IELI enables students from around the world to pursue their dreams.

"Bringing War Home"

"Bringing War Home"

04/16/2021

The National Endowment for the Humanities has awarded two Utah State University CHaSS faculty members $99,891 for a two-year, community-facing project “Bringing War Home: Object Stories, Memory, and Modern War,” one of 11 such projects funded by its Dialo...

Eating the Past

Eating the Past

04/12/2021

USU History Department hosts delicious event series open to the public.

Even more departments in CHaSS

Even more departments in CHaSS

04/10/2021

Department of Languages, Philosophy and Communication Studies at Utah State University Dissolves into Two New Departments

2 New CHaSS Departments

2 New CHaSS Departments

04/10/2021

Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Anthropology at Utah State University Makes Way for Two New Departments

Bookshelf: Sky Songs

Bookshelf: Sky Songs

04/10/2021

Jennifer Sinor’s Essays on Loving a Broken World - In these essays Sinor takes us through the mountains, deserts, and rivers of the West and along with her travels to India. Whether rooted in the dailiness of raising children or practicing yoga, Sinor sea...

Bookshelf: Willa Cather and E.M Forester Transatlantic Transcendence

Bookshelf: Willa Cather and E.M Forester Transatlantic Transcendence

04/09/2021

USU Uintah Basin’s professor of English, Alan Blackstock, in collaboration with Roman & Littlefield, Willa Cather, and E.M. Forester published a book titled Transatlantic Transcendentalism. The book explores liberal humanism and modernism as well as the a...

Talking through a Pandemic

Talking through a Pandemic

02/13/2021

USU researchers examine how interpersonal communication has changed due to the COVD-19 pandemic and what that means for CDC guidelines.

Amber Caron: Revision and History

Amber Caron: Revision and History

02/07/2021

Bookshelf | USU fiction writing instructor Amber Caron shares her writing process foundations and offers insight into how to grow as a writer.

Alumni release book to high praise

Alumni release book to high praise

01/27/2021

The Kite Sisters book "More Than a Body" reached #1 on Amazon’s Eating Disorder and Self-Help new release section and aims to help readers understand truths about their bodies.

Tara Westover Zooms into Honors

Tara Westover Zooms into Honors

01/20/2021

Tara Westover, author of "Educated A Memoir" give insight to honors writing class.

Rural Pandemic

Rural Pandemic

12/17/2020

Is the pandemic an urban or a rural problem? what about both? USU's Tom Mueller, Sociology, was part of a study to find out just that; What are the effects of the pandemic on rural areas of the United States.

Digital Folklore Project: Meme of the year

Digital Folklore Project: Meme of the year

12/16/2020

2020 had a lot of material for good memes so which one won the award for meme of the year?

Trans Healthcare During a Pandemic

Trans Healthcare During a Pandemic

12/10/2020

The essay, titled “Managing Gender Care in Precarity: Trans Communities Respond to COVID-19,” addresses the effects of the pandemic on health care precarity of trans people, especially those in gender transition.

The philosophy of charity

The philosophy of charity

11/18/2020

Temporary Professor Michael Otteson has designed a new philosophy course that gives students the opportunity to make real-world decisions using skills developed in the class.

Women In Law

Women In Law

11/17/2020

The study concluded that there was a significant bias in Utah against women in the law career, including multiple reports of...

Capturing "Love in the Time of Coronavirus"

Capturing "Love in the Time of Coronavirus"

10/29/2020

Don't miss your chance to catch this exhibit done by Hispanic Studies Prof. J.P. Spicer-Escalante.

CHaSS Sustainability

CHaSS Sustainability

10/26/2020

The USU College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHaSS) is hosting its first Sustainability Intern for the 2020-2021 academic year. Supported by the CHaSS Dean’s Office and the Utah Conservation Corps/Americorps, the position focuses on “greening CHaSS”...

Inquiring Minds: Service Learning

Inquiring Minds: Service Learning

09/28/2020

Recently, service-learning projects have been becoming an important trend in higher education. Ekaterina Arshavskaya, PhD, Associate Professor, Explains how it is used with exchange students.

Virtual Summer Mentorship

Virtual Summer Mentorship

07/21/2020

The COVID-19 pandemic hasn't stopped students in the USU Native American Summer Mentorship Program (NASMP) from making the most of their summer. Two NASMP students recently participated in a virtual lab hosted by the Water Heritage Anthropological Project...

Eddy Berry's work is part of an award wining project

Eddy Berry's work is part of an award wining project

07/21/2020

The impacts of the group’s research have been many and varied. W4001’s researchers have shown that the rural population was shrinking for the first time on record, due to young adult outmigration, fewer births, and increased mortality.

Bookshelf: Cultural Entanglements - Shane Graham

Bookshelf: Cultural Entanglements - Shane Graham

06/01/2020

Dr. Shane Graham, who was recently promoted to professor of English at USU, has just published Cultural Entanglements: Langston Hughes and the Rise of African and Caribbean Literature with the University of Virginia Press

CHaSS Awards 2020

CHaSS Awards 2020

05/07/2020

Every year CHaSS honors some of our best and brightest students, faculty, and staff. This year is no different.

Anthropologist: Successful communities need smart, and empathetic, members

Anthropologist: Successful communities need smart, and empathetic, members

04/24/2020

In 2016, Jacob Freeman, assistant professor of Anthropology, asked a simple question: Do communities flourish more when composed of very smart people — or a more emphatic people.

CHaSS Reacts: Jason Gilmore on finding your own role

CHaSS Reacts: Jason Gilmore on finding your own role

04/23/2020

Dr. Jason Gilmore suggests that we react to today's chaos by looking outward and finding ways we can contribute to the global community of which we're all a part.

CHaSS Reacts: DLI Teacher and Languages Grad student answers questions about life during the pandemic

CHaSS Reacts: DLI Teacher and Languages Grad student answers questions about life during the pandemic

04/21/2020

A reading from Pale Horse, Pale Rider by Katherine Anne Porter. The novella is set in 1918 during the influenza epidemic. Read by Evelyn Funda, Professor of History

A Bridge to Self Discovery

A Bridge to Self Discovery

04/16/2020

Learn about the I-Systems Institute a new center at the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at USU.

Getting Expert Alumni Advice

Getting Expert Alumni Advice

04/15/2020

Alumni Sharee Haggan came back to give advice to students about making a meaningful network for a professional career.

A deep dive into the works of Patrick Mason

A deep dive into the works of Patrick Mason

04/15/2020

New Arrington Chair is a scholar of American religious history first.

A Wondrous and Hairy Disease

A Wondrous and Hairy Disease

04/15/2020

Grad student links modern medicine and obscure 17th century autopsy

Branching Out: A window to understanding

Branching Out: A window to understanding

04/15/2020

Vernal Utah, With guidance from research mentors, Koralene Tapoof redefines ‘nontraditional’ in a culture known for tradition

Tom Worthen: His Achievements are Undebatable

Tom Worthen: His Achievements are Undebatable

04/15/2020

USU’s longtime speech and debate coach turns in his stopwatch to retire

Alumni Insight: With RonNell Andersen Jones

Alumni Insight: With RonNell Andersen Jones

04/15/2020

Alum RonNell Andersen Jones gives advice on how to use your education to become a more productive professional and citizen.

CHaSS Reacts: Family brings light into our lives

CHaSS Reacts: Family brings light into our lives

04/13/2020

Marisela Martinez-Cola, assistant professor in Sociology, on how community lifts us up.

CHaSS Reacts: Evelyn Funda reads excerpt from Pale Horse, Pale Rider

CHaSS Reacts: Evelyn Funda reads excerpt from Pale Horse, Pale Rider

04/10/2020

A reading from Pale Horse, Pale Rider by Katherine Anne Porter. The novella is set in 1918 during the influenza epidemic. Read by Evelyn Funda, Professor of History

Make the most of uncertain times by creating memories with kids, says Social Work professor

Make the most of uncertain times by creating memories with kids, says Social Work professor

04/10/2020

Vonda Jump Norman, an assistant professor of Social Work at USU's Brigham City campus, says uncertain and tense times of spring 2020 can be considered times to make memories for kids.

CHaSS Reacts: Evelyn Funda reads excerpt from Pale Horse, Pale Rider

CHaSS Reacts: Evelyn Funda reads excerpt from Pale Horse, Pale Rider

04/10/2020

A reading from Pale Horse, Pale Rider by Katherine Anne Porter. The novella is set in 1918 during the influenza epidemic. Read by Evelyn Funda, Professor of History

Letter from the Dean April 2020

Letter from the Dean April 2020

04/02/2020

Dean Joe Ward addresses how the college has been changing due to the recent pandemic and expresses concern for current students during these trouble times.

Aggie student broadcasters continue winning tradition in SPJ competition

Aggie student broadcasters continue winning tradition in SPJ competition

03/31/2020

Broadcast students in USU's Department of Journalism and Communication earned awards in an annual contest of the Society for Professional Journalists. They were especially strong in television reporting.

Alumni are so important to student morale

Alumni are so important to student morale

03/31/2020

College of Humanities and Social Sciences urges alumni to connect with students, who would love their input and encouragement.

Aggie Speech and Debate earns third overall in tourney on ‘home turf’

Aggie Speech and Debate earns third overall in tourney on ‘home turf’

02/18/2020

Utah State University’s Speech and Debate Team was awarded third place overall at a January 2020 competition at the U of U.

Speech and Debate Team achieves 2nd at largest tourney in the Northwest

Speech and Debate Team achieves 2nd at largest tourney in the Northwest

12/04/2019

Utah State University’s Speech and Debate Team was awarded second place a recent competition at Linfield College, Oregon, part of the Northwest region.

Students, professor  make history as their class is filmed for C-SPAN series

Students, professor make history as their class is filmed for C-SPAN series

11/14/2019

C-SPAN filmed a class on the Civil War taught by Asst. Professor Angela Diaz for a history series to be aired in spring.

Army ROTC's 'Operation Resolute' seeks bridge to better working relations

Army ROTC's 'Operation Resolute' seeks bridge to better working relations

11/14/2019

During a visit to the Utah State Capitol, 40 Army ROTC cadets from USU met with Utah Lt. Gen. Spencer Cox, as well as officers from the Utah National Guard

Sky's the limit: Average GPA for AF ROTC cadets is third highest in nation

Sky's the limit: Average GPA for AF ROTC cadets is third highest in nation

11/14/2019

Cadets of Utah State University's AF ROTC have been ranked by the U.S. Air Force as having the third highest GPA of the 145 ROTC detachments across the country.

Research in best-selling book seeks to give us longer, healthier lives

Research in best-selling book seeks to give us longer, healthier lives

11/05/2019

Authors Matthew LaPlante, journalism professor at USU, and geneticist David Sinclair of Harvard Medical School, look at what can rejuvenate human cells in their new book, "Lifespan: Why We Age and Why We Don’t Have To."

Circuit Court makes unusual stop at USU, offering students rare opportunity

Circuit Court makes unusual stop at USU, offering students rare opportunity

10/18/2019

The 10th Circuit Court of Appeals, which covers seven states and is based in Denver, visited the USU campus Oct. 22 and held two hearings open to students and the public

Business insight: CHaSS majors visit alums in Silicon Slopes' high tech industries

Business insight: CHaSS majors visit alums in Silicon Slopes' high tech industries

09/16/2019

A group of students representing many CHaSS majors took part in a day-long visit to Lehi to visit Visa and HealthEquity, leaders in Utah's Silicon Slopes.

USU re-imagines Center for Women and Gender to be more inclusive

USU re-imagines Center for Women and Gender to be more inclusive

08/17/2019

The new Center for Intersectional Gender Studies and Research will build upon the highly successful history of the university’s Center for Women and Gender. The new center will be directed by sociology professor Dr. Christy Glass.

Alumni are so important to student morale

Alumni are so important to student morale

07/09/2019

College of Humanities and Social Sciences urges alumni to connect with students, who would love their input and encouragement.

Meet Comm Studies alum DJ Brookter: Footballer, life scholar, influencer

Meet Comm Studies alum DJ Brookter: Footballer, life scholar, influencer

06/28/2019

DionJay Brookter, a USU Communication Studies ('06) and former Aggie football player, has parlayed his education into a successful career as the executive director of a Bay Area nonprofit and a member of the San Francisco Police Commission.

Culture and Commencement

Culture and Commencement

04/18/2019

This Alaskan Native finds a home for herself, and her culture. USU commencement policy tweaked to add ethnic identities to graduation robes.

Barre Toelken — A great soul on All Hallow’s Eve and every other eve

Barre Toelken — A great soul on All Hallow’s Eve and every other eve

04/18/2019

In memory of Barre Toelken, the world-class folklorists who died in November 2018.

Branching Out: How the Coyote Flat Killer changed Criminal Justice

Branching Out: How the Coyote Flat Killer changed Criminal Justice

04/18/2019

CHaSS Criminal Justice Professor is an expert on solving very cold cases.

CHaSS welcomes Ara Serjoie to Dean's Advancement Board

CHaSS welcomes Ara Serjoie to Dean's Advancement Board

04/18/2019

Ara Serjoie has been welcomed as a new member to CHaSS Advancement Board, which oversees development in the college.

2 of Utah’s university presidents call Old Main home

2 of Utah’s university presidents call Old Main home

04/17/2019

The presidents of two Utah universities, Brad Mortensen of Weber State University and Scott Wyatt of Southern Utah University, are both alumni of CHaSS.

A millennial appeal: What now?

A millennial appeal: What now?

04/13/2019

Popular Q&A lunches bring students, CHaSS alumni to the table to plot possible paths into the future

New book describes how modern Marines have returned to lessons from Vietnam

New book describes how modern Marines have returned to lessons from Vietnam

02/27/2019

Political Science Professor Jeannie Johnson's new book, 'The Marines, Counterinsurgency and Strategic Culture,' relates the Marine Corps' history since 1915, with special emphasis placed on the Combined Action Patrol formed during the Vietnam War.

DIY firearms: Poli Sci grad presents research on deadly 'ghost guns'

DIY firearms: Poli Sci grad presents research on deadly 'ghost guns'

02/14/2019

Tori Bodine, a USU political science grad working on a statistics degree, heads to Utah's Undergraduate Research Day at the State Capitol, to report on untraceable weapons created on a 3-D printer.

Poet Gunsberg welcomes ‘dangerous life' in Jan. 29 reading of new poems

Poet Gunsberg welcomes ‘dangerous life' in Jan. 29 reading of new poems

01/25/2019

Poet Gunsberg, assistant professor of English, reads from new collection of poems, "Welcome, Dangerous Life."

Prof. Cathy Bullock named as interim JCOM department head, replacing Hixson

Prof. Cathy Bullock named as interim JCOM department head, replacing Hixson

01/11/2019

Professor Cathy Bullock has been named interim department head of the Department of Journalism and Communication at USU, replacing Kim Hixson, who is leaving to be a dean at a Maryland University.

Young poet wins Utah’s top prize for original work in Spanish

Young poet wins Utah’s top prize for original work in Spanish

12/14/2018

Sophomore Carlos Andres Gutierrez Gutierrez, who is majoring in Spanish and Political Science, has won the Sor Juana Award, a Utah Humanities statewide prize for original writing in Spanish.

New faculty video: Comm Studies' Nicole Allen on the symbolism of calendars

New faculty video: Comm Studies' Nicole Allen on the symbolism of calendars

12/13/2018

Nicole Allen, a new assistant professor of Communication Studies at Utah State, offers her take on the commercialism of today's holidays.

Comm Studies’ John Seiter honored as a CHaSS Distinguished Professor

Comm Studies’ John Seiter honored as a CHaSS Distinguished Professor

12/12/2018

Comm Studies’ John Seiter has been honored as a CHaSS Distinguished Professor, an honorary title that reflects his consistent excellence in teaching and research.

Leading Mormon Studies scholar Patrick Mason named as USU’s Arrington Chair

Leading Mormon Studies scholar Patrick Mason named as USU’s Arrington Chair

12/07/2018

Patrick Q. Mason, a history professor who holds the Howard W. Hunter Chair of Mormon Studies at Claremont Graduate University, has been named the new Leonard J. Arrington Chair for Mormon History and Culture.

The 'Connected World' of Shakespeare's era is focus of new exhibit

The 'Connected World' of Shakespeare's era is focus of new exhibit

11/29/2018

English students of Prof. Phebe Jensen have curated an exhibit of how Shakespeare's era looked at medicine and science. “Secrets: Shakespeare and the Connected World” continues through Jan. 5 in the Merrill-Cazier Library at USU.

With Thanksgiving gift, social work students learn truth of 'helper therapy'

With Thanksgiving gift, social work students learn truth of 'helper therapy'

11/28/2018

Students in the CHaSS Social Work Program canvassed for donations and cash to build more than a hundred Thanksgiving dinners for Logan-based family service centers. The Thanksgiving Project is about 12 years old.

Why are there fewer women CEOs? Media seek answers from two USU researchers

Why are there fewer women CEOs? Media seek answers from two USU researchers

10/26/2018

Sociologists Christy Glass and Management Expert Alison Cook look at what's behind recent spate of resignations of big-company CEOs who are women.

Cana's long journey of discovery — right back to her beginnings

Cana's long journey of discovery — right back to her beginnings

06/29/2018

After years of education, Technical Communication graduate student Cana Itchuaqiyaq has come to discover her real passion: studying her native Inuit people in northern Alaska.

Project Spotlight:
Rethinking higher education

Rethinking higher education

Three humanities professors explain that 'out-of-the-box' teaching is what creates a truly educated person